References

The information in the references, below, were helpful in developing our content.

Ajayi, L. (2018, February 08). Why we need to call out casual racism. TED. Retrieved from https://ideas.ted.com/why-we-need-to-call-out-casual-racism/

Alexandra R., J. (2017, February 16). Affirmative action in university admissions: Research roundup. Journalist’s Resource. Retrieved from https://journalistsresource.org/studies/society/race-society/affirmative-action-in-university-admissions-research-roundup/

Annis, B, & Gray, J. (2014). Work with Me. NY: St. Martin's Press.

Ashley, W. (2014). The angry Black woman: The impact of pejorative stereotypes on psychotherapy with Black women. Social Work Public Health, 29 (1), 27-34.

Ashton, D. (2017, December 07). Does Race or Gender Matter More to Your Paycheck? Harvard Business Review.

Assar, S.& Moghani Lankarani, M. (2018). Workplace racial composition explains high perceived discrimination of high socioeconomic status African American men. Brain Science, 8, 139.

Avenue, N. (2018, November 06). The Troubling News About Black Women In The Workplace. Forbes.

Bartlett, K. T. (1994). Only girls wear barrettes: Dress and appearance standards, community norms, and workplace equality. Michigan Law Review 92, 2552.

Berdahl, J. L., & Moore, C. (2006). Workplace harassment: Double jeopardy for minority women. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(2), 426–436.

 Bertrand, M. & Mullainathan, S. (2004). Are Emily and Greg more employable than Lakisha and Jamal? A field experiment on labor market discrimination. American Economic Review, 94(4), 991-1013.

Blakemore, E. (2017, December 14). Early America’s Troubled Relationship With Monkeys. JSTOR daily. Retrieved from https://daily.jstor.org/early-americas-troubled-relationship-with-monkeys/

Bor, J., Venkataramani, A. S., Williams, D. R., & Tsai, A. S. (2018). Police killings and their spillover effects on the mental health of Black Americans: A population-based, quasi-experimental study. Lancet, 392, 302-210.

Brigham, J. C., & Barkowitz, P. (1978). Do “They all look alike?” The effect of race, sex, experience, and attitudes on the ability to recognize faces. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 8(4), 306-318.

Byng, R. (2017, September 01). Failure Is Not An Option: The Pressure Black Women Feel To Succeed. Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/rhoneshabyng/2017/08/31/failure-is-not-an-option-the-pressure-black-women-feel-to-succeed/

Catalyst (2004). Advancing African-American women in the workplace: What managers need to know. Catalyst, 1-41.

Chapman, S.K. (2017). Black Threatening Invisible: My Journey In Corporate America: A Survival Guide of Sorts. NY: MB Books.

Cheeks, M. (2018, March 26). How Black Women Describe Navigating Race and Gender in the Workplace. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2018/03/how-black-women-describe-navigating-race-and-gender-in-the-workplace

Clemetson, L. (2007, February 04). The Racial Politics of Speaking Well. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/04/weekinreview/04clemetson.html

Coalition, T. (2019, May 01). New Dove Study Confirms Workplace Bias Against Hairstyles Impacts Black Women's Ability To Celebrate Their Natural Beauty. PR Newswire. Retrieved from https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/new-dove-study-confirms-workplace-bias-against-hairstyles-impacts-black-womens-ability-to-celebrate-their-natural-beauty-300842006.html

Connelly, J. (1993). Have we become mad dogs at the office? Fortune, November 28, pp. 197-199.

Correll, S. J., Benard, S. & Paik, I. (2007). Getting a job: Is there a motherhood penalty? American Journal of Sociology 112, 1297-1339. 

Coston, B. M., & Kimmel, M. (2012). Seeing privilege where it isn’t: Marginalized masculinities and the intersectionality of privilege. Journal of Social Issues, 68(1), 97–111.

Cruz, L. (2015, June 08). 'Dinnertimin' and 'No Tipping': How Advertisers Targeted Black Consumers in the 1970s. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2015/06/casual-racism-and-greater-diversity-in-70s-advertising/394958/

Dante, J. (2016, November 12). How To Deal With Being The Only Black Man In An Office Full Of Conservatives. Deadspin. Retrieved from https://adequateman.deadspin.com/how-to-deal-with-being-the-only-black-man-in-an-office-178867576

Demby, G. (2013, May 22). Where Did That Fried Chicken Stereotype Come From? National Public Radio.  Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2013/05/22/186087397/where-did-that-fried-chicken-stereotype-come-from

Ely, R. J., & Kimmel, M. (2018). Thoughts on the workplace as a masculinity contest. Journal of Social Issues, 74(3), 628–634.

Facing History. (2020.). The Science of Race. Facing History. Retrieved from https://www.facinghistory.org/holocaust-and-human-behavior/chapter-2/science-race

Ferguson, D. P., Rhodes, G., & Lee, K. (2001). “They all look alike to me”: Prejudice and cross-race face recognition. British Journal of Psychology, 92, 567–577.

Finley, T. (2017, August 03). 4 Key Points That Debunk Misconceptions Around Affirmative Action.

HuffPo. Retrieved from https://www.huffpost.com/entry/affirmative-action-still-matters_n_5981d9b6e4b0353fbb33e1bb

Fogle, C. D. (n.d.). Employers’ perceptions of business graduates from historically Black colleges and universities. Global Education Journal, 12, 11-70.

Forni, P.M. (2003). Choosing Civility. NY: St. Martin’s Griffin.

Gabriel, A. S., Butts, M. M., & Sliter, M. T. (2018, March 28.). Women experience more incivility at work—especially from other women. Harvard Business Review.

Gabriel, A. S., Butts, M. M., Yuan, Z., Rosen, R. L., & Sliter, M. T. (2018). Further understanding incivility in the workplace: The effects of gender, agency, and communion. Journal of Applied Psychology, 103(4), 362–382.

Galinsky, A.D., Todd, A. R., Homan, A. C., et al. (2015.) Maximizing the Gains and Minimizing the Pains of Diversity. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10,  742-748.

Gassam, J. (2019, May 31). Overcoming The Angry Black Woman Stereotype. Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/janicegassam/2019/05/31/overcoming-the-angry-black-woman-stereotype/

Gates, W. (2018, July 12). How men constantly and casually drive women out of the workplace. Medium. Retrieved from https://medium.com/@wyattegates/how-men-constantly-and-casually-drive-women-out-of-the-workplace-6d66d61d3adc

Gordon, A. (2017, January 12). 'He's So Articulate.' What That Really Means. The Root. Retrieved from https://www.theroot.com/he-s-so-articulate-what-that-really-means-1790874985

Graham, C. (2020, June 03). Hypervisible, Invisible: How to Navigate White Workplaces as a Black Woman. Career Contessa. Retrieved https://www.careercontessa.com/advice/black-woman-white-workplace/

Greene, M. (2018). The Little #MeToo Book for Men. NY: ThinkPlay Partners.

Griffin, C. (2019, July 3). How Natural Black Hair at Work Became a Civil Rights Issue. JSTOR Daily. Retrieved from https://daily.jstor.org/how-natural-black-hair-at-work-became-a-civil-rights-issue/

 

Hauser, C. (2018, December 12). How Professionals of Color Say They Counter Bias at Work. New York Times.

 

Heilman, M. E., & Haynes, M. C. (2005). No Credit Where Credit Is Due: Attributional Rationalization of Women's Success in Male-Female Teams. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(5), 905-916.

 

Ho, H. (2017, September 19). 8 Ways People of Color are Tokenized in Nonprofits. Medium. Retrieved from https://medium.com/the-nonprofit-revolution/8-ways-people-of-color-are-tokenized-in-nonprofits-32138d0860c1

 

Hourihan, K. L., Fraundorf, S. H., & Benjamin, A. S. (2013). Same faces, different labels: generating the cross-race effect in face memory with social category information. Memory & Cognition, 41(7), 1021–1031.

 

John, A. (2016, October 04). Making Fried Chicken and Watermelon Racist. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2014/02/heres-why-your-fried-chicken-and-watermelon-lunch-racist/357814/

 

Jones, P. (n.d.). 8 Things You Always Wanted to Know About Black Women's Hair. Mashup Americans. Retrieved from http://www.mashupamericans.com/issues/8-things-always-wanted-know-black-womens-hair/

 

Joy, E. (2014, November 07). The Other Side of Diversity. Medium. Retrieved from https://medium.com/this-is-hard/the-other-side-of-diversity-1bb3de2f053e

 

Kang, S. K., DeCelles, K. A., Tilcsik, A., & Jun, S. (2016). Whitened résumés: Race and self-presentation in the labor market. Administrative Science Quarterly, 61(3), 469–502.

 

Kimmel, M. (2018). Masculinity and our common humanity: "Real" men versus "good" men. In N. Way, C. Gilligan, P. Noguera (Eds.) & A. Ali, The Crisis Of Connection: Roots, Consequences, And Solutions (pp. 173–187). New York University Press.

 

Kohn, Sally (2013, June 17). Affirmative Action Has Helped White Women More Than Anyone. Time. Retrieved from https://ideas.time.com/2013/06/17/affirmative-action-has-helped-white-women-more-than-anyone/

 

Kolhatkar, S., Wiener, A., Farrow, R., Vara, V., & Auletta, K. (2017). The Disrupters. The New Yorker. Retrieved from https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/11/20/the-tech-industrys-gender-discrimination-problem

 

Krapf, M., Ursprung, H. W., & Zimmermann, C. (2017). Parenthood and productivity of highly skilled labor: Evidence from the groves of academe. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 140, pp. 147-175.

 

Kray, L. J., & Locke, C. C. (2008). To flirt or not to flirt? Sexual Power at the bargaining table. Negotiation Journal, 24,488.

 

Lee, J., Anantharaman, S., Tillman, A., & Dunu, E. (2007). Recruiting talent from HBCUs, The Thurgood Marshall College Fund, 1-30. Retrieved from here

 

Leek, C., & Kimmel, M. (2015). Conceptualizing intersectionality in superordination: Masculinities, whitenesses, and dominant classes. In S. A. Jackson (Ed.),  Routledge international handbook of race, class, and gender (pp. 3–9). NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

 

Leiva, L. (2018, November 14). These 10 Black women want you to stop commenting on their hairstyles at work. Refinery 29. Retrieved from https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/black-women-hairstyles-at-work

 

Leiva, L. (2018, October 18). I don't need a new name — I need people to learn how to pronounce it. Refinery 29. Retrieved from https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/2018/10/214464/ethnic-names-workplace-dear-abby

 

Lipman, J. (2018). That’s What She Said: What Men Need to Know (and Women Need to Tell Them) About Working Together. NY: William Morrow.

 

Lukate, J. (2018). The psychology of Black hair. TEDxCambridgeUniversity. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/johanna_lukate_the_psychology_of_black_hair?language=en

 

Mak, A. (2017, November 13). Google CEO reportedly confused a Black female engineer with an administrative assistant. Slate. Retrieved from https://slate.com/technology/2017/11/google-ceo-confused-a-black-female-engineer-with-an-administrative-assistant-according-to-a-report-from-the-new-yorker.html

 

Martin, M. (2019, February 24). Harnessing the power of 'the angry Black woman'. National Public Radio. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/2019/02/24/689925868/harnessing-the-power-of-the-angry-black-woman

 

Martin, S. (2019, November 22). Men get credit for voicing ideas, but not problems. Women don't get credit for either. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2017/11/research-men-get-credit-for-voicing-ideas-but-not-problems-women-dont-get-credit-for-either

 

Mayer, D. (2018, October 09). How men get penalized for straying from masculine norms. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2018/10/how-men-get-penalized-for-straying-from-masculine-norms

 

McClintock, E. (2016, March 31). The psychology of mansplaining. Psychology Today. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/it-s-man-s-and-woman-s-world/201603/the-psychology-mansplaining

 

McLaughlin, C. (2016, September 07). The lasting impact of white teachers who mispronounce minority student names.  Quartz. Retrieved from https://qz.com/775492/what-minority-students-hear-when-white-teachers-mispronounce-their-names/

 

Meyers, C., Aumer, K., Schoniwitz, A., Janicki, C., Pauker, K., Chang, E. C., et al. (2019). Experiences with microaggressions and discrimination in racially diverse and homogeneously white contexts. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. 26(2), 250–259.

 

Mokoena, H. (2018, August 29). From slavery to colonialism and school rules, navigating the history of myths about black hair. Quartz. Retrieved from https://qz.com/africa/1215070/black-hair-myths-from-slavery-to-colonialism-school-rules-and-good-hair/

 

Morrison, A. (2018). Black hair haptics: Touch and transgressing the Black female body. Meridians, 17, 82-96.

 

O'Donnell, R. (2018, October 18). How to hire for diversity while avoiding 'reverse' discrimination claims. HR Dive. Retrieved from https://www.hrdive.com/news/how-to-hire-for-diversity-while-avoiding-reverse-discrimination-claims/539810/

 

Patterson, C. (2019, March 15). Why so few women in the boardroom? Because men won't listen to them. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/mar/15/women-in-the-boardroom-listen-men

 

Paustian-Underdahl, S. C., & Walker, L. S. (2016). Revisiting the beauty is beastly effect: Examining when and why sex and attractiveness impact hiring judgments. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(10), 1034-1058. 

 

Perry, B. L., Harp, K. L., & Oser, C. B. (2013). Racial and gender discrimination in the stress process: implications for African American women's health and well-being. Sociological Perspectives, 56(1), 25-48.

 

Petter, O. (2017, November 29). 'Hepeating' is the annoying thing women have been suffering for years. Independent. Retrieved from https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/hepeating-what-woman-ignore-men-idea-repeat-sexism-misogynist-a8080601.html

 

Phillips, K. W., Dumas, T. L., & Rothbard, N. P. (March-April 2018). Diversity and Authenticity. Harvard Business Review, 132-126. 

 

Porath, C. L., & Pearson, C. M. (2010). The cost of bad behavior. Organizational Dynamics, 39(1), 64–71.

 

Porath, C. L., & Pearson, C. M. (2013). The price of incivility. Harvard Business Review, 91, 114-121.

 

Porath, C. L., Gerbasi, A., & Schorch, S. L. (2015). The effects of civility on advice, leadership, and performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 100(5), 1527–1541.

 

Quilliana, L., Pager, D., Hexel,O., & Midtbøen, A. H. (2017). Meta-analysis of field experiments shows no change in racial discrimination in hiring over time. PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(41), 10870–10875.

 

Reed-Clark, J. (2017, April 10). What it's like being literally the only Black person in your 50-person office. Financial Diet. Retrieved \ from https://thefinancialdiet.com/like-literally-black-person-50-person-office/

 

Rivera, L. (2016) Pedigree: How Elite Students Get Elite Jobs. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Prance.

 

Rock, D., Grant, H., Grey, J. (2016). Diverse teams feel less comfortable—and that’s why they perform better. Harvard Business Review.

 

Rosette, A. S., & Livingston, R. W. (2012). Failure is not an option for Black women: Effects of organizational performance on leaders with single versus dual-subordinate identities. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48(5), 1162–1167.

 

Rothenberg, J. X. (2018, June 07). Championing Diversity Without Discriminating: An Employer’s Dilemma.

 

Rothman, L. (2018, May 17). A cultural history of mansplaining. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/sexes/archive/2012/11/a-cultural-history-of-mansplaining/264380/

 

Rowe, K. D. (2019). "Nothing else mattered after that wig came off": Black women, unstyled hair, and scenes of interiority. The Journal of American Culture, 42(1).

 

Rudman, L. A. (1998). Self-promotion as a risk factor for women: The costs and benefits of counterstereotypical impression management. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 74, 629-645.

 

Rutherford-Morrison, L. (2016, January 19). 6 subtle mansplanations women encounter every day. Bustle. Retrieved from https://www.bustle.com/articles/136319-6-subtle-forms-of-mansplaining-that-women-encounter-each-day

 

Ryan, Mi. K., & S. Haslam, A. (2005). The glass cliff: Evidence that women are over-represented in precarious leadership positions. British Journal of Management. 16 (2), 81–90. 

 

Scott, B. A., & Judge, T. A. (2013). Beauty, personality, and affect as antecedents of counterproductive work behavior receipt. Human Performance, 26(2), 93-113.

 

Sebastiani, S., Hund, W. D., & Mills, C. W. (2016, February 28). Comparing black people to monkeys has a long, dark simian history. The Conversation. Retrieved from https://theconversation.com/comparing-black-people-to-monkeys-has-a-long-dark-simian-history-55102

 

September 22, 2. (2014, September 22). Five on the Black hand side: Origins and evolutions of the dap. Folklife. Retrieved 2020, from https://folklife.si.edu/talkstory/2014/five-on-the-black-hand-sideorigins-and-evolutions-of-the-dap

 

Sesko, A. K., & Biernat, M. (2010). Prototypes of race and gender: The invisibility of Black women. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(2), 356-360.

 

Smith, J. (2018, June 25). Where Can We Be Black? Rolling Stone. Retrieved from https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-features/where-can-we-be-black-629584/

 

Stack, L. (2019, June 28). California Is First State to Ban Discrimination Based on Natural Hair. New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/28/us/natural-hair-discrimination-ban.html

 

Stone, D., & Heen, S. (2015). Thanks for the Feedback. NY: Penguin Books.

 

The Daily Vox Team. (2019, June 03). This Is Why You Should Never Compare Black People To Monkeys. Retrieved from https://www.thedailyvox.co.za/racism-monkeys-zapiro/

 

The My Name, My Identity Campaign. (2016). Retrieved from https://www.mynamemyidentity.org/

 

They All Look the Same: Why we are Unable to Distinguish Faces of Other Races (and Sometimes Our Own). (2007, August 01). Association for Psychological Science. Retrieved from https://www.psychologicalscience.org/news/releases/they-all-look-the-same-why-we-are-unable-to-distinguish-faces-of-other-races-and-sometimes-our-own.html

 

Troutman Pepper. Retrieved from https://www.troutman.com/insights/championing-diversity-without-discriminating-an-employers-dilemma.html

 

Turban, S., Freeman, L., & Weber, B. (2017, October 23). A study used sensors to show that men and women are treated differently at work. Harvard Business Review.

 

Turner, C. (2012, December 04). Women's ideas: Do men intentionally steal them? Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/womensmedia/2012/12/03/womens-ideas-do-men-intentionally-steal-them/

 

Vaughn, S. (2020, March 08). Stop calling Black women 'intimidating'. Medium. Retrieved from https://medium.com/i-do-see-color/stop-calling-black-women-intimidating-3b89f8729130

 

Vinopal, L. (2020, June 04). There's no such thing as toxic masculinity. Fatherly. Retrieved from https://www.fatherly.com/health-science/toxic-masculinity-fake-male-insecurity/

 

Walley-Jean, J. C. (2009). Debunking the myth of the "Angry Black Woman": An Exploration of anger in young African American women. Black Women, Gender, and Families, 3(2), 68-86.

Washington, Z., & Roberts, L. M. (2019, March 04). Women of color get less support at work. Here's how managers can change that. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2019/03/women-of-color-get-less-support-at-work-heres-how-managers-can-change-that

 

Weinberg, L. (2019, July 19). New York joins California in banning natural hair discrimination. The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved from https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/new-york-california-ban-natural-hair-discrimination-1225620

 

White, G. (2018, June 27). Black Workers Really Do Need to Be Twice as Good. The Atlantic. Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2015/10/why-black-workers-really-do-need-to-be-twice-as-good/409276/

 

Williams, J. C. & Dempsey, R. (2014). What Works for Women At Work: Four Patterns Working Women Need to Know. NY: NYU Press.

 

Wise, T. (1998). Is sisterhood conditional? White women and the rollback of affirmative action. NWSA Journal, 10(3), 1-26.

 

Zarya, V. (2017, August 08). Why There Are No Black Women Running Fortune 500 Companies. Fortune. Retrieved from https://fortune.com/2017/01/16/black-women-fortune-500/

Contact Us

Thanks for submitting!

LIVE IN THEIR WORLD

LIVE IN

THEIR

WORLD

© 2020 Live in Their World. All Rights Reserved. 

Website curated in partnership with Strass Collins & Co. 

  • LinkedIn
  • Twitter